After completion of this course students will be able to perform thorough analyses of thermal and chemical energy conversion technologies and systems on the basis of scientific principles that underlie these technologies. The technologies covered are:
1. Power cycles (steam turbines, gas turbines, Otto, Diesel, etc.)
2. Fuel cells
3. Electric/hybrid vehicle technologies
4. Heat transfer (heat exchangers, heat pumps, refrigeration)
5. Biomass production & conversion
6. Thermochemical conversions (combustion, gasification, …)
7. Carbon dioxide Capture & Storage
8. Hydrogen technologies
The relation between design of energy conversion systems and their performance is the core of this course. In order to investigate this relation you need to open up the “black box” of energy conversion systems. Instead of characterizing a system by inputs and outputs, as is done in many other courses, you need to study the scientific principles on which the system is based, and which lead, in the end, after having closed the black box, to the system-specific inputs and outputs. Applying basic principles will allow you to define maximum theoretical conversion efficiencies, and comparing these to actual efficiencies shows that many improvements (still) are possible.
This course is subdivided in three parts: basics, examples of thermal and chemical energy conversion technologies, and one detailed energy conversion technology case. In the basics part general thermodynamic principles common to energy conversion technologies are treated.
The conversion technologies covered include
Refrigeration and heat pumps
Gas and steam turbines
Diesel and Otto engines
Biomass production and conversions
Carbon capture and storage.
A case study will be performed by the students, and these will be presented to other students in a mini-symposium. These case studies are based on recent literature.
Note: the course Energy Conversion Technologies – II concentrates on physical and mechanical energy conversions. Together, they constitute a wide overview of energy conversion technologies.
|- Knowledge of Elementary thermodynamics and calculus||Verplicht materiaal|
|ReaderCourse reader, Lecture notes|
|BoekThermodynamics, an engineering approach, 7th Edition in SI Units, by Y.A. Çengel and M.A. Boles (McGraw-Hill, 2011, ISBN 978-007-13111-3).|
|BoekRenewable Energy Resources, 2nd edition, by J. Twidell, T. Weir (Taylor and Francis: 2006, ISBN 978 0-419-25330-3)|
|BoekB. Malmfors et al., Writing and Presenting Scientific Papers. Nottingham: UP, 2004 (2nd edition).|
BeoordelingTwo exams and a presentation during the mini-symposium