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Cursus: GEO3-1304
GEO3-1304
Structure and properties of earth materials
Cursus informatie
CursuscodeGEO3-1304
Studiepunten (ECTS)7,5
Categorie / Niveau3 (Bachelor Gevorderd)
CursustypeCursorisch onderwijs
VoertaalEngels
Aangeboden doorFaculteit Geowetenschappen; Undergraduate School Geowetenschappen; B Aardwetenschappen;
Contactpersoondr. C.J. Peach
Telefoon+31 30 2534169
E-mailc.j.peach@uu.nl
Docenten
Docent
dr. P.R.D. Mason
Overige cursussen docent
Docent
dr. C.J. Peach
Overige cursussen docent
Blok
1  (02-09-2013 t/m 10-11-2013)
Aanvangsblok
1
TimeslotD: WO-middag, WO-namiddag, Vrijdag
Onderwijsvorm
Voltijd
Opmerking

Cursusrooster

Cursusinschrijving geopendvanaf 19-08-2013 t/m 20-08-2013
AanmeldingsprocedureOsiris
Inschrijven via OSIRISJa
Inschrijven voor bijvakkersJa
VoorinschrijvingNee
WachtlijstNee
PlaatsingsprocedureStudiepunt/Student desk
Cursusdoelen

Is to provide an understanding, of the physical properties and mineralogical structure of the important mineral phases, from the Earth’s surface to its core. At every level, the physical/chemical background, to processes which control the mineralogy and structure, is given in parallel, together with relevant  practicals, to provide a solid understanding. Processes which govern the stability, transformation and transport of these materials are studied, including phase transformations, thermo-kinetic and interfacial processes, with introduction to the techniques of observation and analysis. Surface procesess involving aqueous fluids will be discussed, as well as those controlling deeper Earth structures (mantle/core) and their planetary origins. This third year, level 3, "extravakken GGG (profileringsruimte)", course should appeal to GG, GC and GF students alike.

Inhoud

Mineralogy of the Core and Mantle:
Origin/structure of the Earth (meteorites)
Phase transitions in the mantle (thermodynamics/phase diagrams)
Mineral stability (observation and prediction)
Olivine to perovskite, SiO2 minerals, Sulphides
Physical background: Atomic structure of crystal, solid state - band theory, optical/electronic interactions, heat capacity, thermal and electronic/ionic conductivity, diffraction, Electron microscopy, defects and colour centres. HPT experimental methods: Diamond and multi- anvil cells.

Pressure, temperature, time and transformation:
Exsolution/thermobarometry
Microstructural/petrological evidence
 Thermo-kinetic processes, TTT diagrams
Physical background: Transport properties, diffusion of matter and heat, thermal activation - Boltzmann distribution, diffusion profiles, stranded profiles, nucleation.

Mineral growth, crystallization and surface interaction:
Mineral/fluid and mineral/atmosphere interactions. Crystal nucleation and growth.
Weathering and alteration by aqueous fluids. Clay minerals
Physical background: interfacial properties, surface energy, capillary pressure, wetting, colloids, charged interfaces,  point of zero charge, surface conductivity, grain boundaries +/- fluids, Nernst-Einstein relation, AFM, behaviour of water.

Ingangseisen
Er moet voldaan zijn aan de cursussen:
- AW-Chemie van de aarde 1 (GEO1-1112)
- AW-Chemie van de aarde 2 (GEO1-1113)
- AW-Mineralen en magma's (GEO2-1205)
En er moet voldaan zijn aan minimaal één van de cursussen:
- AW-Wiskunde voor Aardwetenschappen (GEO1-1103)
- Wiskundige technieken 1 (WISN101)
Voorkennis
Mineralogie jaar 2 en wiskunde en scheikunde jaar 1
Voorkennis kan worden opgedaan met
geo2-1205, geo1-1103, geo1-1105.
Bronnen van zelfstudie
Bibliotheek
Verplicht materiaal
Boek
A. Putnis, Introduction to Mineral Sciences, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992 (ISBN 0-521-42947-1 paperback) (reeds in jaar 2 aangeschaft): ±Euro 50
Handouts
Manual/handouts en artikelen (nader aan te geven), via WebCT/Blackboard UU, as 'pdf-files'.
Aanbevolen materiaal
Boek
G.L.Squires, Practical Physics 4th Ed. Cambridge Univ. Press (ISBN 0-521-77940-5 paperback): Euro 39.
Boek
Mary Anne White, Properties of Materials, Oxford University Press, 1999 (ISBN 0-19-511331-4 paperback): ±Euro 50
Boek
A.R. Philpotts and J.J. Ague, Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, 2nd Ed. 2009 Cambridge Univ. Press (ISBN 978-0-521-88006-0 hardcover) ±Euro 48
Werkvormen (aanwezigheidsplicht)
Hoorcollege (Verplicht)

Practicum (Verplicht)

Toetsen
Eindresultaat
Weging100
Minimum cijfer-

Beoordeling
Final exam (60%); course work (40%).

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